Students in cafe

Department of Police

Addendum B: Symptoms of Emotional Distress

Low Risk

  • Depressed, irritable, or apathetic mood
  • Rapid mood swings accompanied by excessive talkativeness, activity level, or excitability
  • Extremely poor academic performance or a change from high to low grades
  • Missed tests or an inability to remain awake in class
  • Excessive absences, especially if prior class attendance was good
  • Unusual or noticeably changed interaction patterns in the classroom (such as withdrawal from family & friends)
  • Noticeable change in appearance and hygiene
  • Verbal expressions of hopelessness or thoughts of death & dying
  • Excessive worrying
  • Significant change in life circumstances (such as job loss, death of a loved one, divorce)
  • Suspected alcohol or drug abuse

Moderate Risk

  • History of aggression, violence, bullying, or stalking behaviors
  • Destruction of personal and/or school property
  • Defiance of and/or contempt for authority, rules, limits
  • Excessively argumentative or numerous conflicts in interpersonal interactions
  • Verbal aggression (use of derogatory or profane language)
  • Hostile tone of voice and threatening or intimidating behaviors or body language
  • Comments about weapons or stories of harming others
  • Intense and inappropriate reactions, such as prolonged irritability or angry outbursts
  • Excessive distrust or paranoia of others
  • Perceived harassment, bullying, or ostracizing by others
  • Attempts to isolate self from others
  • Identifying or idolizing individuals who have engaged in acts of violence against others
  • Preoccupation with weapons, violent events or activities, or hate groups
  • Communications (either verbal, written, or via email) containing aggressive and possibly violent content
  • Suspected alcohol or drug abuse

High Risk

  • Verbal or written threats to harm self or others
  • Recent attempts to obtain weapons
  • Self-injurious behaviors (such as self-cutting, self-burning)
  • Preparing for death (such as giving away possessions, saying goodbye, writing a will)
  • History of previous suicide attempts
  • Loss of contact with reality (seeing/hearing/feeling things not apparent to others, thoughts or behavior inconsistent with reality)
  • Disturbed speech or communication content (incoherent speech, grandiose beliefs, disorganized or rambling or paranoid thoughts